Caltanissetta is a town of about 60.000 inhabitants, located in the centre of Sicily, near the archeological park of Mount Sabucina that presents a great variety of evidences that go from the Bronze Age to the Roman Period. The city acquired its identity and its name (Qal-at-nisa) during the Arab domination in Sicily. The city knew a season of grouth and prosperity starting from the 15th century, thanks to the Moncada family. Caltanissetta then lived a period of great prosperity in the early 20th century with the exploitation of the sulphur deposits, that produced four-fifths of the world’s sulphur.
Its landscape is exploited for wheat and olive agricolture and production; and lately also for the production of wine. Caltanissetta is the most important city in Italy for the production of nougat but it is also famous for the production of pastry goods and cakes, such as conventual pastries and rollò. Other remarkable activity is carried out in the production of terracotta, liquors and pipes and many other examples of artisanal work.
There is a wide presence of the third sector; many voluntary organizations take care of women, children, elderly, people with disabilities, non-EU citizen. First and second accommodation centres facilitate the entry of the immigrants. The Protection System for Asylum-Seekers and Refugees (SPRAR), made up of local institutions in cooperation with voluntary sector organisations, undertake “integrated reception” interventions: food and housing, legal and social guidance and support and the promotion of socio-economic inclusion and integration.
There are also the Sanitary District which includes other 5 municipalities besides Caltanissetta, the Touristic District of Mines (www.distrettoturisticodelleminiere.it), the GAL, Lands of the Caltanissetta area, a local action group that deals with the promotion of rural landscape and traditional products (www.galterredelnisseno.it).
In the city centre, that has been the heart of the city since the XVI century, there are many churches (Cathedral of Santa Maria la Nova, Church of San Sebastiano, Church of Sant’Agata, Church of Santa Croce) and palaces such as the Council Palace, the Moncada Palace that houses the presidency of the University, for the Faculty of Medical and Surgery, and the Faculty of Electric Engineering (www.uni.cl.it), the civic theatre Regina Margherita and the theatre and cinema Rosso di San Secondo (www.teatrorossodisansecondo.com) that host many artistic performances and another Moncada Palace that houses the Civic Art Gallery (www.museotripisciano.it). Other museums are the Diocesan Museum, the Mineralogy, Palaeontology and Sulphur mining Museum and the Archaelogical Museum. Not far from it, the Abbey of Santo Spirito, a fine example of Norman archiecture.
There are many sports facilities where important activities take place: two stadium for football, rugby and athletic, three indoor sports arenas, in which people play volleyball, basketball, handball, martial art, fencing and weight lifting (1/3 of italian record breaking have been set by athletes from Caltanissetta) a tennis court, a swimming pool, and many private sports grounds and fitness centers.
Several activities are held, throghout the year, such as art exhibitions, theatrical performances, conferences, and cultural, musical, motor racing and other sports events.
This municipality aims to enhance and propose to the visitors all the aspects of our city that can become very actractive: a new form of tourism to experience, rediscover and re-evaluate our ancient agricultural productions, our ancient and typical products, our landscape and our traditions.The City of Caltanissetta is a municipality in the center of Sicily and is the Capital of the Province of Caltanissetta. Its population is of about 65.000 inhabitants. It is the sixth highest Commune in Italy by elevation (568m/1864 ft), the second highest elevation in Sicily after the city of Enna (912m/2992 ft). Fratelli Averna SpA, a renowned firm established in the city, produces the famous Amaro Averna, a liqueur sold throughout Italy and beyond. Nevertheless, Caltanisetta has long been stricken by poverty. Volunteering activities remain a field of action for many young people in the city, thanks to the coordinating activities of local churches, but also NGO and charities that are able to mobilize volunteers of all age. Volunteers in Caltanissetta give an important help in the many sectors (above all the tertiary secor) where the shortage of means by the public authorities can’t arrive.